Currently, the trend of installing solar panels at home is rising. This is not a new technology, however, never before in history has it been so easy for homeowners to access solar energy and its benefits.
For most people, it is relatively easy to understand that solar panels produce energy from the sun, but their operation goes much further than that. Today we will tell you how solar panels work in an easy-to-understand way.
How is photovoltaic solar energy produced?
Solar rays are made up of photons that travel by electromagnetic waves and reach the silicone cells of the solar panel to produce energy directly within the solar cell.
This energy production process inside the panel is called the photovoltaic phenomenon and consists of accelerating protons and neutrons to produce energy.
Solar energy is categorized within renewable energies because it comes from a clean source, and unlike fossil energies, it does not use non-renewable sources such as coal, natural gas, nuclear energy, or oil.
How do the panels work?
The operating mechanism of the panels occurs when the sun’s radiation affects one of the faces of a photoelectric cell (cells that the solar panels are made of). This produces a difference in electrical potential between both sides that causes electrons to jump from one place to another, generating electric current.
The more intense the light, the greater the flow of electricity. Subsequently, the transmission of photovoltaic cells converts sunlight into electricity in the form of a direct current. To improve the result obtained, an inverter is used to transform this energy into an alternating current.
Solar energy primarily benefits the planet because it is generated without affecting the environment, but it also provides many benefits to homeowners who decide to transition to solar.